< cpp‎ | io‎ | basic filebuf
std::basic_filebuf<CharT, Traits>* open( const char* s, std::ios_base::openmode mode )
std::basic_filebuf<CharT, Traits>* open( const std::string& str, std::ios_base::openmode mode )
(2) (since C++11)

Opens the file with the given name - either s or str.c_str().

The file is opened as if by calling std::fopen(s, modestring), where modestring is determined as follows:

modestring openmode & ~ate Action if file already exists Action if file does not exist
"r" in Read from start Failure to open
"w" out, out|trunc Destroy contents Create new
"a" app, out|app Append to file Create new
"r+" out|in Read from start Error
"w+" out|in|trunc Destroy contents Create new
"a+" out|in|app, in|app Write to end Create new
"rb" binary|in Read from start Failure to open
"wb" binary|out, binary|out|trunc Destroy contents Create new
"ab" binary|app, binary|out|app Write to end Create new
"r+b" binary|out|in Read from start Error
"w+b" binary|out|in|trunc Destroy contents Create new
"a+b" binary|out|in|app, binary|in|app Write to end Create new

If openmode is not one of the modes listed, the open() fails.

If the open operation succeeds and openmode & std::ios_base::ate != 0 (the ate bit is set), repositions the file position to the end of file, as if by calling std::fseek(file, 0, SEEK_END). If the repositioning fails, calls close() and returns a null pointer to indicate failure.

If the associated file was already open, returns a null pointer right away.


[edit] Parameters

s, str - the file name to open
openmode - the file opening mode, a binary OR of the std::ios_base modes

[edit] Return value

this on success, a null pointer on failure.

[edit] Notes

open() is typically called through the constructor or the open() member function of std::basic_fstream.

[edit] Example

[edit] See also

checks if the associated file is open
(public member function)
flushes the put area buffer and closes the associated file
(public member function)